Bhutan is a country of varying religious beliefs, which has been successful in preserving their cultural heritage, norms and history appropriately. The Government makes the best of its efforts to assist even private bodies in the entire process of making Bhutan a better place to live as well as to preserve the culture and history. Bhutan celebrates a large number of festivals and hence, countless events and occasions are held round the year, among which many are related to religions and beliefs. Bhutanese usually expresses their festive mood in the form of dances. Bhutan famous dance is Cham, but there is a list of their popular dances.
Bhutan Famous Dance on Different Occasions
Bhutan famous dance represents its rich culture and religious history, which is well-depicted at various festivals, among which majority are based on saints and varying beliefs. Each and everything is celebrated well in Bhutan with a multitude of bright colors and joy. Read on to know about the various popular dances of Bhutan:
Cham, Bhutan famous dance, is performed every year in the religious festival Tshechu, which is celebrated in every district of Bhutan. This dance is well performed by the villagers, monks and nuns. In Bhutan, the Royal Academy of Performing Arts is playing a major part in preserving the culture of Cham and its dances.
The Cham is performed with a vivid mask on and with a colorful costume. This dance form is basically the pride of Buddhist festivals. The music that supports this dance form is played via traditional Tibetan instruments by the monks. The Cham often depicts a guidance, which helps in improving the moral values and is often related to the compassion for sentient beings. Also, this dance form is a perfect meditation and is renowned as an offering to the gods. The Cham dance leader is usually a musician, who uses the specific percussion instrument. Cham dance also represents some of the incidents from the life of the famous 9th century saint and Nyingmapa teacher, Padmasambhava.
Dance of the Stag and the Hunter
Another Bhutan famous dance is the Dance of the Stag and the Hunter, which conveys the story of saint Millarepa, who later converted into a hunter and also converted his dog and a deer into Buddhist religion.
Dance of Three Kind of Gings
The Dance of Three Kind of Gings is the symbol of bringing happiness and good luck to all the human beings, especially in Bhutan. Also, this dance signifies the control of demons that are the major hurdles, causing problems to the religions.
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The Black Hat Dance
The Black Hat Dance depicts Tantrists, who used to hold supernatural powers. They were specialist in driving out evil spirits from the bodies of human and etc. Their footsteps were considered to purify the grounds. These Black Hat Dancers came from Tibet, at the time of Langdarma’s governance, who was the King of Tibet in 842 A.D and was an anti-Buddhist. This dance originated from the incident when Lhalung Peklki Dorji went to kill the King, disguising himself as a dance performed having a long sleeves costume to hide bow and arrow. During the dance, he shot him and the King died. Today, this dance form has become a representation to overcome spirits so that they can build significant monasteries and Dzongs in Bhutan.
Dance of the Terrifying Deities
In the Dance of the Terrifying Deities, people are dressed up beautifully, but with a terrifying mask. This dance represents the sacrifice of human being and thus, a fake sacrifice is performed in the dance. During the salvation process, the Guru Rinpoche appears showing great anger to save the world. This dance is performed to show people the method of salvation to all human beings present there.
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The people of Bhutan strongly believe that during the various dance performances that the power and deities of the Tantric teachings are blessed and hence, the people and the earth is purified and the people will no more face the misfortune and their sins will be washed away. Furthermore, they also believe that the evil spirits are overcome, which usually hurdle in the prosperity of Buddhist religion. Therefore, these dances bring loads of happiness among the Bhutanese, due to their varying beliefs linked to it.