Bhutan has been declared as one of the happiest country of the world. The state has been successful in carrying this title every year. The credit definitely goes to His Majesty Jigme Singye Wangchuck, who started ruling Bhutan in the year 1972. He was just sixteen years old when he proposed Bhutan Gross National Happiness, his idea was that the country should focus more on ways to keep their citizens happier rather than focusing on Gross National Product. One could never believe that how a teenager’s idea worked so well that it has achieved ranking among the world’s happiest country. However, there are few people who know about the entire recipe behind the happiness of Bhutan.
The Bhutan Gross National Happiness is basically a concept which has been applied using a holistic approach to foster consistent development of the country. The idea is to significantly let the country progress by also focusing on the non-economic points of well being.
Overview of the Bhutan Gross National Happiness
The concept of Bhutan Gross National Happiness constitutes four pillars, which has been further broken down into 9 domains so that proper understanding of GNH can be spread across and also, to reflect the Gross National Happiness values. The 9 domains depict each portion of Bhutanese well being, which refers to provide satisfying conditions of a better life as per the principles and values, according to the concept of GNH.
Bhutan Gross National Happiness concept is comprised of four pillars that are essential for its development progress, which include political, environmental, economic and cultural aspects.
This domain measures the experiences of people to identify the quality of their lives. The entire evaluation process includes measuring their life satisfaction, spirituality and how they react on different life events like their positive and negative emotions are recorded.
This domain focuses on measuring the mental and physical states of people, ensuring that the citizens are living a healthy lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle ensures that people are able to perform their day to day tasks actively without any mental or physical stress.
This domain focuses on analyzing the time, which is spent on diverse activities by the citizens of Bhutan like in sleeping, care, work, leisure activities and etc., then people are guided on how they can maintain work life balance by effectively managing their time.
This domain of Bhutan Gross National Happiness focuses on the informal and formal education and evaluates every one’s values, expertise and knowledge and hence, are guided accordingly.
Cultural Diversity and Resilience:
This domain assesses and depicts the strength and diversity of traditions being followed by the citizens that includes norms, festivals and the creative arts.
This domain encompasses assessment of relations and interactions between people within communities as well as among friends and family members. Volunteering is also an essential part of it.
This domain assesses how people take governmental functions and what they think about it and also, assess public service delivery. It discovers to what extent people are participating in elections and governmental decisions and also evaluates their freedom and diverse rights.
Ecological diversity and resilience:
This domain keeps track of the citizen’s viewpoint regarding the environmental situation in their neighborhood and also, evaluates how much they have adapted to eco-friendly behaviors. The hazards like natural disasters and other accidents are also covered in it.
This domain measures the materialistic lifestyle of the citizens. Their income, housing and asset ownership, financial security and etc. are evaluated to see the level of comfort.
2015 Bhutan Gross National Happiness Survey
Here is a glimpse of 2015 of Bhutan GNH: As per survey, 91.2% people in Bhutan are happy deeply, extensively or narrowly. In contrast to a 2010 survey, there is an increase in the percentage of deeply or extensively happy people in Bhutan. Across groups it has been classified that men were happier than women, urban area residents are happier than rural ones, Married and single citizens were found more happier than separated, widowed and divorced people. Educated people were happier, other occupational service in charge was found happier than farmers.
If we talk about districts, then in 2015, GNH was recorded highest in Paro, Thimphu, Gasa and Bumthang and comparatively low in Trongsa, Dagana, Tashi Yangtse and Mongar. The Gross National Happiness Commission is also set in place to monitor the progress of GNH.
His Majesty has addressed the youth of Bhutan to play their role in the Gross National Happiness concept. He believes that the younger generation needs to think what they want and where they should head, personally as a community member, in the families, as a citizen or as a colleague. The innovative wisdom and idealism of youth is essential for Bhutan’s progression as well as their innocence and ability to dream big.
The youth of Bhutan is welcomed whole heartedly to participate in the GNH concept as their very own project. The youth can share their dream as well, which might assist them to achieve it and make a way for others too.